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CentOS 6.0如何安装配置Kamailio

时间:2021-04-09    来源:般砖的    人气:

Kamailio是一款sip服务器,能够注册服务器、重定向服务器,那么CentOS 6.0系统要如何安装Kamailio呢?下面小编将针对Kamailio的安装配置给大家做个详细介绍。

1.编译安装

下载源码

# cd ~

# wget http://www.kamailio.org/pub/kamailio/latest/src/kamailio-3.3.2_src.tar.gz

# tar zxvf kamailio-3.3.2_src.tar.gz

# cd kamailio-3.3.2

# make FLAVOUR=kamailio cfg

用自己熟悉的编辑工具打开;modules.lst;文件,找到;exclude_modules;变量,删除db_mysql字段(这里可以根据自己的需要调整编译的模块)。然后编译:

# make all

# make install

缺省情况下,Kamailio的可执行文件安装在;/usr/local/sbin;路径下,配置文件安装在;/usr/local/etc/kamailio;路径下。

几个可执行文件功能如下:

kamailio - Kamailio服务器的执行文件

kamdbctl - 创建和管理数据库的脚本

kamctl - 管理和控制Kamailio服务器的脚本

sercmd - CLI,一个命令行工具,访问提供Kamailio服务器的接口

2.配置

配置环境变量:

Kamailio的环境变量存储在/usr/local/etc/kamailio/kamctlrc文件中,安装时,就已经安装好模板文件了,只需要编辑一些简单的配置项即可。

# cat /usr/local/etc/kamailio/kamctlrc

# $Id$

#

# The Kamailio configuration file for the control tools.

#

# Here you can set variables used in the kamctl and kamdbctl setup

# scripts. Per default all variables here are commented out, the control tools

# will use their internal default values.

## your SIP domain

SIP_DOMAIN=kamailio.org

## chrooted directory

# $CHROOT_DIR=;/path/to/chrooted/directory;

## database type: MYSQL, PGSQL, Oracle, DB_BERKELEY, or DBTEXT, by default none is loaded

# If you want to setup a database with kamdbctl, you must at least specify

# this parameter.

DBENGINE=MYSQL

## database host

DBHOST=localhost

## database name (for ORACLE this is TNS name)

DBNAME=openser

# database path used by dbtext or db_berkeley

# DB_PATH=;/usr/local/etc/kamailio/dbtext;

## database read/write user

DBRWUSER=openser

## password for database read/write user

DBRWPW=;openserrw;

## database read only user

# DBROUSER=openserro

DBROUSER=openserro

## password for database read only user

DBROPW=openserro

## database super user (for ORACLE this is lsquo;scheme-creatorrsquo; user)

DBROOTUSER=;root;

# user name column

 

USERCOL=;username;

# SQL definitions

# If you change this definitions here, then you must change them

# in db/schema/entities.xml too.

# FIXME

# FOREVER=;2020-05-28 21:32:15;

# DEFAULT_ALIASES_EXPIRES=$FOREVER

# DEFAULT_Q=;1.0;

# DEFAULT_CALLID=;Default-Call-ID;

# DEFAULT_CSEQ=;13;

# DEFAULT_LOCATION_EXPIRES=$FOREVER

# Program to calculate a message-digest fingerprint

# MD5=;md5sum;

# awk tool

# AWK=;awk;

# If you use a system with a grep and egrep that is not 100% gnu grep compatible,

# e.g. solaris, install the gnu grep (ggrep) and specify this below.

#

# grep tool

# GREP=;grep;

# egrep tool

# EGREP=;egrep;

# sed tool

# SED=;sed;

# tail tool

# LAST_LINE=;tail -n 1;

# expr tool

# EXPR=;expr;

# Describe what additional tables to install. Valid values for the variables

# below are yes/no/ask. With ask (default) it will interactively ask the user

# for an answer, while yes/no allow for automated, unassisted installs.

#

# If to install tables for the modules in the EXTRA_MODULES variable.

# INSTALL_EXTRA_TABLES=ask

# If to install presence related tables.

# INSTALL_PRESENCE_TABLES=ask

# Define what module tables should be installed.

# If you use the postgres database and want to change the installed tables, then you

# must also adjust the STANDARD_TABLES or EXTRA_TABLES variable accordingly in the

# kamdbctl.base script.

# Kamailio standard modules

# STANDARD_MODULES=;standard acc lcr domain group permissions registrar usrloc msilo

# alias_db uri_db speeddial avpops auth_db pdt dialog dispatcher

# dialplan;

# Kamailio extra modules

# EXTRA_MODULES=;imc cpl siptrace domainpolicy carrierroute userblacklist htable purple;

## type of aliases used: DB - database aliases; UL - usrloc aliases

## - default: none

# ALIASES_TYPE=;DB;

## control engine: FIFO or UNIXSOCK

## - default FIFO

# CTLENGINE=;FIFO;

## path to FIFO file

# OSER_FIFO=;FIFO;

## check ACL names; default on (1); off (0)

# VERIFY_ACL=1

## ACL names - if VERIFY_ACL is set, only the ACL names from below list

## are accepted

# ACL_GROUPS=;local ld int voicemail free-pstn;

## verbose - debug purposes - default lsquo;0rsquo;

VERBOSE=1

## do (1) or donlsquo;t (0) store plaintext passwords

## in the subscriber table - default rsquo;1lsquo;

# STORE_PLAINTEXT_PW=0

## OPENSER START Options

## PID file path - default is: /var/run/kamailio.pid

# PID_FILE=/var/run/kamailio.pid

PID_FILE=/var/run/kamailio.pid

## Extra start options - default is: not set

# example: start Kamailio with 64MB share memory: STARTOPTIONS=;-m 64;

# STARTOPTIONS=

打开/usr/local/etc/kamailio/kamailio.cfg,添加下面几行(#65533;#65533;该添加在;####### Defined Values #########;这一行之前):

。。。。。。

#!define WITH_MYSQL

#!define WITH_AUTH

#!define WITH_USRLOCDB

#!define WITH_NAT

。。。。。。

执行下面命令创建DB:

# /usr/local/sbin/kamdbctl create

3. 启动Kamailio服务

# /usr/local/sbin/kamctl start

4. 监视Kamailio

# /usr/local/sbin/kamctl moni

5. 添加用户帐号

# kamctl add 1000 1000

其中第一个1000为username;第二个1000为password,添加完毕后,配置你的SIP终端注册。

上面就是CentOS 6.0安装Kamailio的方法介绍了,Kamailio的编译安装需要下载源码,只需进行一些简单的配置即可,配置好后添加用户账号就可以使用了。

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