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CentOS系统安装使用Subversion的方法

时间:2021-04-09 来源:来吧老妹 人气:

subversion是一个版本控制系统,能够将文件放在中心版本库中,那么在CentOS系统中要如何使用subversion呢?下面小编就给大家介绍下CentOS安装使用subversion的方法。

1.安装Subversion

yum install subversion

2.创建版本库

a.mkdir -p /var/svn/repositories(创建版本库目录)

b.cd /var/svn/repositories

c.svnadmin create rock-eng(创建版本库rock-eng)

3.启动svn

svnserve -d -r /var/svn/repositories

4.配置访问权限

a.cd /var/svn/repositories/rock-eng/conf/

b.vim svnserve.conf

### This file controls the configuration of the svnserve daemon, if you

### use it to allow access to this repository. (If you only allow

### access through http: and/or file: URLs, then this file is

### irrelevant.)

### Visit http://subversion.tigris.org/ for more information.

[general]

### These options control access to the repository for unauthenticated

### and authenticated users. Valid values are ;write;, ;read;,

### and ;none;。 The sample settings below are the defaults.

anon-access = none

auth-access = write

### The password-db option controls the location of the password

### database file. Unless you specify a path starting with a /,

### the filelsquo;s location is relative to the directory containing

### this configuration file.

### If SASL is enabled (see below), this file will NOT be used.

### Uncomment the line below to use the default password file.

password-db = passwd

### The authz-db option controls the location of the authorization

### rules for path-based access control. Unless you specify a path

### starting with a /, the filersquo;s location is relative to the the

### directory containing this file. If you donlsquo;t specify an

### authz-db, no path-based access control is done.

### Uncomment the line below to use the default authorization file.

authz-db = authz

### This option specifies the authentication realm of the repository.

### If two repositories have the same authentication realm, they should

### have the same password database, and vice versa. The default realm

### is repositoryrsquo;s uuid.

# realm = My First Repository

 

[sasl]

### This option specifies whether you want to use the Cyrus SASL

### library for authentication. Default is false.

### This section will be ignored if svnserve is not built with Cyrus

### SASL support; to check, run lsquo;svnserve --versionrsquo; and look for a line

### reading lsquo;Cyrus SASL authentication is available.rsquo;

# use-sasl = true

### These options specify the desired strength of the security layer

### that you want SASL to provide. 0 means no encryption, 1 means

### integrity-checking only, values larger than 1 are correlated

### to the effective key length for encryption (e.g. 128 means 128-bit

### encryption)。 The values below are the defaults.

# min-encryption = 0

# max-encryption = 256

vim passwd

### This file is an example password file for svnserve.

### Its format is similar to that of svnserve.conf. As shown in the

### example below it contains one section labelled [users]。

### The name and password for each user follow, one account per line.

[users]

# harry = harryssecret

# sally = sallyssecret

rockeng = 123456

 

vim authz

### This file is an example authorization file for svnserve.

### Its format is identical to that of mod_authz_svn authorization

### files.

### As shown below each section defines authorizations for the path and

### (optional) repository specified by the section name.

### The authorizations follow. An authorization line can refer to:

### - a single user,

### - a group of users defined in a special [groups] section,

### - an alias defined in a special [aliases] section,

### - all authenticated users, using the lsquo;$authenticatedrsquo; token,

### - only anonymous users, using the lsquo;$anonymousrsquo; token,

### - anyone, using the lsquo;*rsquo; wildcard.

###

### A match can be inverted by prefixing the rule with lsquo;~rsquo;。 Rules can

### grant read (lsquo;rrsquo;) access, read-write (lsquo;rwrsquo;) access, or no access

### (lsquo;rsquo;)。

[aliases]

# joe = /C=XZ/ST=Dessert/L=Snake City/O=Snake Oil, Ltd./OU=Research Institute/CN=Joe Averag

e

[groups]

# harry_and_sally = harry,sally

# harry_sally_and_joe = harry,sally,joe

[/]

# harry = rw

# joe = r

# * =

rockeng = rw

# [repository:/baz/fuz]

# @harry_and_sally = rw

# * = r

5.重启svn

killall svnserve

svnserve -d -r /var/svn/repositories

6.检出:svn co svn://127.0.0.1/rock-eng

7.添加文件:svn add 目录

8.提交修改:svn commit

9.删除文件但保存本地副本:svn delete --keep-local 目录

10.忽略当前目录下的data和attachment目录

a.svn propedit svn:ignore 。

b.在编辑器中输入目录名,用回车分隔

c.svn commit

11.查看当前目录的状态:svn status

问题1:

svn: 无法使用外部编辑器获得日志信息;考虑设置环境变量 $SVN_EDITOR,或者使用 --message (-m) 或 --file (-F) 选项

svn: 没有设置 SVN_EDITOR,VISUAL 或 EDITOR 环境变量,运行时的配置参数中也没有 ;editor-cmd; 选项

解决办法:

a.vim ~/.bash_profile

b.增加:export SVN_EDITOR=vim

上面就是CentOS安装使用subversion的方法介绍了,包括了版本库的创建和subversion的配置,希望对你有所帮助。

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